Author: Christoph Deuker
Essay on Ontological Reasoning for Conservation between Nature and Culture
The topic of this essay is an adequate logic for biological conservation or nature protection. The first question is the definition of nature and its connection to culture. The interconnectivity of the nature – culture amalgam leads to the next problematic issue of valuation for biological conservation. Classical approaches in decision-making theory are based on a substantial rationality with linear dynamics for optimization processes. Market integration for nature protection is only efficient subject to this fundamental logic.
Going beyond classical optimization processes with a procedural rationality is advantageous in nonlinear dynamic systems, but still needs a precise system environment separation. In biological thinking, with the definition of a habitat as well as in sociological with the nature – culture amalgam, system boundaries are not only open, but as well vague and fractal.
A fundamental change to a 'Logic of Place' [s. Nishida, K. 1999] could be beneficial for developing the idea of biological conservation with a topological impact that holds new relations to the system – environment definition. The 'Logic of Place' as a shift towards a predicative logic [s. Dilworth, D. A. 1987] implies a new focus of observation. Not a single habitat as a spatial expression of space is fruitful to be observed, but all places with its topological impact.
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